Dead sea scrolls dating method
Offer a comprehensive overview of the following: a) discovery and identification of the DSS; b) contents of the library; c) dating methods and results; and d) impact on the text of the Hebrew Bible. Discovery and Identification of the Dead Sea Scrolls The story of the discovery and identification of the Dead Sea Scrolls is a complicated story that involves many personalities, the nations of Israel and Jordan, and the competing work of archaeologists and Bedouins in the Judean Desert.But, here is an attempt at summary: By the term Dead Sea Scrolls (DSS), we are referring to the 850 documents, mostly in fragmentary fashion, that were discovered in the Judean Desert, in and around Qumran, between the winter of 1946/.With the discovery of the DSS, we now have manuscripts of the Hebrew Bible one thousand years older than what we previously possessed.In the DSS library, we see evidence of influence by proto-Masoretic texts, Samaritan Penteteuch texts and Septuagint texts of the Hebrew Bible.Even after Israel assumes control of the museum and the scroll fragments, they allow de Vaux’s team to continue their agonizingly slow work on the scrolls.While the scrolls of Cave 1 were translated fairly quickly by the Israelis after their initial purchase, the remaining fragments remained largely un-translated and the domain of a few privileged scholars (not Jews or Israelis initially included) until the late 1980’s and early 1990’s when mounting public pressure (lead largely by the editor of the Biblical Archaeology Review, Hershel Shanks) led to the removal of John Strugnell (who was the head of the Scroll Team at this point) and the creation of a larger and more diverse Scroll Team.
Eleazar Sukenik of the Hebrew University purchases three of these scrolls, and when Mar Samuel places an add in the Wall Street Journal to sell his four scrolls, he also anonymously purchases those scrolls through a third party.
Sukenik concludes that the scrolls are the products of the ancient Essenes.
The Jordanian Antiquities Authority authorize Lankester Harding and Father Roland de Vaus to excavate Cave 1 and the Khirbet Qumran, a site near the cave.
By 1956, eleven caves (some within sight of Qumran) are discovered and de Vaux and the team assembled by de Vaux are given the charge to reassemble and translate the scrolls and fragments (mostly fragments) that are found in those caves.
These scrolls and fragments are housed in the Rockefeller Museum under Jordanian control, and they remain under Jordanian control until the 1967 War when the area passes into Israeli control.
Radio-carbon dating and AMS have basically confirmed the paleographic dating of the scrolls.