Dating techniques in archaeology
- seem to have accepted that the Sun was at the centre of an orbital system, - anticipating Copernicus and Galileo by some fifteen hundred years.The device uses a differential gear, previously believed to have been invented in the middle ages, and is remarkable for the level of miniaturization and complexity of its parts, which is comparable to that of 18th century clocks.In June 1959, Price's "An Ancient Greek Computer" was the lead article in Scientific American.This article was the result of the first thorough description of the device "based solely on visual inspection and measurements." The Antikythera Mechanism is strongly suggestive of an ancient Greek tradition of complex mechanical technology which, transmitted via the Arab world, formed the basis of European clockmaking techniques.The study of pottery is an important branch of archaeology.This is because pottery is: Small fragments of pottery, known as sherds or potsherds, are collected on most archaeological sites.The device itself was surprisingly thin, about 33 cm (13in) high, 17 cm (6.75in) wide and 9 cm (3.5in) thick, made of bronze and originally mounted in a wooden frame.The Antikythera mechanism is one of the world's oldest known geared devices.
Fine vessels with incised and stamped decoration were also made. C., wheelmade pottery was being imported from the Roman world and finer 'Belgic-type' vessels were being produced in East Anglia.
The interest of the professional archaeologists brought in to conserve and assess the finds was initially centered on the fine statuary and the Antikythera Mechanism itself was only discovered to be of immense interest in May 17, 1902, when an archaeologist noticed that a piece of rock recovered from the site had a gear wheel embedded in it.
Examination revealed that the "rock" was in fact a heavily encrusted and corroded mechanism that had survived the shipwreck in three main parts and dozens of smaller fragments.
Most Roman pottery, however, consisted of coarse sandy greywares which were used for cooking, storage and other daily functions.
By the early 5th century, the art of pottery manufacture with a wheel had been lost (or was simply not required) in Britain.
It is probable that the Antikythera mechanism was not unique.